In 2006 and 2007, a California veterinarian donated a group of fossilized trilobites to the California Academy of Sciences. The donation of these fossils, which are the remains of large marine arthropods (i.e., “bugs”) that lived between 250 and 500 million years ago, was a generous contribution to science, to be sure. The vet also hoped to receive substantial tax deductions. Unfortunately, he won’t be getting them.
Large charitable donations can be extremely useful for taxpayers. Not only can they help with that year’s income tax liability, but they may also limit liability for capital gains taxes. The reason is that when you donate appreciated assets to charity, you no longer have to worry about calculations like the base value and appreciation. Instead, you can just deduct the asset’s fair market value.
In order to take a significant charitable deduction, however, you have to be able to prove its legitimacy to the IRS. For a charitable contribution exceeding $250, you’re essentially going to need:
- A written acknowledgment from the charity, dated that tax year, that the donation was a gift; you received no goods or services in return
- Your own, reliable written records regarding your ownership of the items and their value, and
- For gifts valued at $5,000 or more, a qualified appraisal of the item and a summary of that appraisal on IRS Form 8283
In this case, the vet donated four fossils in 2006, claiming a charitable deduction of $136,500. In 2007, he donated another eight fossils for a deduction of $109,800. Why wasn’t he entitled to the deductions?
Primarily, it was because his appraisals were apparently fakes. He submitted appraisals purportedly prepared by a real person who is considered an expert in the field of fossil valuation, but the appraiser could not remember having performed some of the appraisals and denied performing others.
Even if the appraisals had been OK, this taxpayer would still have lost, unfortunately. He did submit written acknowledgements from the California Academy of Sciences, but they did not contain the required statement that no goods or services were given in return.
The lesson? Any substantial charitable deduction must be treated like serious business. A tax attorney could have spotted these issues up front, perhaps saving the deductions. At the very least, it would have saved him a trip to the Tax Court.